What came first, the metaphor or the miracle?

It is easy to see when two texts are linked. It is much harder to determine which of the two came first. However, if one source is a metaphor and the other a literal miracle story, I think we can be confident that the metaphor came first. Recently, while working on my...

The virgin and the four whores

The genealogy in Matthew, like that in Luke, is really a genealogy of Joseph who, according to Matthew, is not even the real father of Jesus. Moreover, there is nothing about this Joseph in Mark. Even if Joseph is only Jesus’ father-in-law through his marriage...

Thomas 68

The last post was about Mark Goodacre’s dating of the Gospel of Thomas to the 140s. He bases his dating on a single saying, Thomas 68, which he believes to be about the Bar Kokhba revolt that led to the final exile of the Jews from Jerusalem. But we will show...

Mark Goodacre’s dating of the Gospel of Thomas

In Mark Goodacre’s book,┬áThomas and the Gospels: The making of an apocryphal text, he proposes a mid-second century date for Thomas. It is true that the whole thrust of his book is an argument for a post-Synoptic date, but this would only push Thomas back to...

Jesus is not an executor, is he?

April DeCornick’s book, The Original Gospel of Thomas in Translation, is a tremendous resource. It is a mine of information about the sayings in Thomas. But I am less keen on some of her translations. Recently, I have been working on Thomas 72 as part of a new...